Dangerous goods are materials in solid, liquid and gaseous form, which by their inherent physical and chemical parameters have a great level of danger and may affect the life, to put environmental damage and damage to the environment.
Transportation of such goods is governed by legal documents, namely the “rules of the road transport of dangerous goods» № 822 from 26.07.04g., Which are regulated by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.
The largest consumers of dangerous chemicals and toxic loads are companies that produce chemical and metallurgical products, and market pharmaceuticals and medical supplies. Dangerous goods are divided into classes and sub-types:
Class 1 – explosive;
Class 2 – gases;
Grade 3 – inflammable liquid;
Grade 4 – inflammable solids;
Grade 5 -okislyayuschie materials;
Class 6 – toxic and infectious substances;
Class 7 – radioactive materials;
Class 8 – corrosive materials;
Grade 9 – materials neotnesennye to the listed groups
For the transport of dangerous goods must be specially equipped vehicle. The carrier must have a license and permission – ADR (Accord Dangereuses Route – an international agreement the EU) for the transport of such goods. For the transport of dangerous goods must be very special support along the entire route of movement and security. The route through which will pass the motion of the vehicle, time, speed, and even the number of stops should be urigulirovan mandatory with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.
Vehicles which transports dangerous goods must be specially equipped with: